The Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (ACCC) recently released draft determinations proposing to exempt the services provided by grain handler, Viterra, at its Port Adelaide Inner Harbour and Outer Harbor facilities from parts of the Port Terminal Access (Bulk Wheat) Code.
Viterra applied to be exempt from parts 3 to 6 of the code at all six of its South Australian port terminals.
However, the ACCC’s draft determinations do not propose to exempt the company’s Port Lincoln, Wallaroo, Port Giles, and Thevenard facilities.
“Although Viterra is the dominant port service provider for South Australia’s bulk grain export market, we’ve formed the preliminary view that an increase in competition justifies a reduction in regulation at Inner Harbour and Outer Harbor,” said ACCC Deputy Chair, Mick Keogh.
“The draft determinations for Inner Harbour and Outer Harbor were finely balanced but after looking at the South Australian grains market in detail, we were satisfied that Viterra’s Port Adelaide terminals face a level of competition from nearby third-party facilities, Port Adelaide’s containerised exports, as well as domestic grain markets.
“We don’t believe that Viterra’s port terminal facilities around the Yorke Peninsula and Eyre Peninsula face sufficient competition to support exemptions at this time, though the ACCC will continue to closely monitor developments in the South Australian market,” he said.
Over the last six years, 68 per cent of all grain grown in South Australia, and 94 per cent of all bulk grain exports, have been exported through Viterra’s port terminal facilities according to the ACCC.
If the ACCC grants a final exemption for Inner Harbour and Outer Harbor, the lower level of regulation will include Viterra no longer being subject to the code’s non-discrimination requirements and dispute resolution processes. The company will also not require ACCC approval of capacity allocation systems, and no longer be required to publish certain information about expected capacity or bulk grain stocks held at these port terminals.
Exempt service providers are still required to deal with exporters in good faith, publish a port loading statement and loading procedures, and make standard terms and reference prices available.
“The code exists to ensure that bulk wheat exporters have fair and transparent access to terminal facilities,” said Keogh.
“Because the level of competition in port services varies significantly between regions, we take a balanced approach and are comfortable reducing regulation in places where multiple service providers are operating.
“We rely on industry input to assist our decision making and given these are draft determinations, we welcome the views of stakeholders including growers, traders, exporters and infrastructure operators up until 3 November,” he said.
Submissions can be made at Viterra wheat port exemption assessment. The ACCC will make its final determinations after submissions have been considered.
The Port Terminal Access (Bulk Wheat) Code of Conduct commenced on 30 September 2014 and regulates port terminal service providers to ensure that exporters of bulk wheat have fair and transparent access to port terminal facilities.
The ACCC may determine a service provider to be an ‘exempt service provider’ at a specified port terminal. Exempt service providers are ‘exempted’ from having to comply with Parts 3 to 6 of the code in the course of providing services from the specified terminal.
In making its determination, the ACCC is required to have regard to the matters listed at subclause 5(3) of the code, which include: the interests of exporters and the service provider; whether the service provider is an exporter (or associated with an exporter); the presence of other exempt service providers in the area; and competition in upstream and downstream markets.
Obligations under Parts 3 to 6 of the code include not discriminating in favour of an associated exporter or hindering exporter access to terminal services, seeking ACCC approval for capacity allocation systems, resolving access disputes through prescribed processes, and publishing information about capacity and stocks.
Exempt port terminal service providers are only required to comply with the general obligations in Parts 1 and 2 of the code, which require port terminal service providers to deal with exporters in good faith and fulfil several reporting obligations.
Viterra announced at the beginning of October that it has made changes to the delivery process for the 2020-21 harvest to align with government Covid-19 guidelines.
The grain handler has actioned a number of measures to ensure business continuity and continues to plan for different scenarios to align operations with any changes to Government Covid-19 advice and guidelines during harvest.
“Viterra has reviewed all points of the delivery process and made modifications to processes and requirements that will be in place at sites,” the company said in a statement, outlining some changes which include:
- Predelivery bucket samples will be managed without the need for interaction.
- All classification offices will have a perspex shield and/or window as a barrier between the driver and employee.
- The exchange of paperwork will be minimised.
- National Grower Register (NGR) cards must be taken with the driver rather than leaving them at site.
“To enable us to manage shift change over, there will be a break between one shift finishing and the next starting to allow time for employees to leave before the following shift starts,” said Viterra. “This will mean there will be a short break in operations during that changeover time. Viterra will manage opening hours in line with growers’ delivery needs.”